Mission IAS Current Affairs (Project Vulture-Diclofenac banned)

🎯 Multidose Vial of Diclofenac banned to Save Vultures. Why recently in news?
 Based on the recommendation of the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate            Change, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has banned the sale of Diclofenac in    multidose vial.
🌻It will be sold only in single-dose vial packaging.
🎯Why ban on multidose vial
🌻The commonly-used anti-inflammatory drug for cattle is considered the chief cause for the steep decline in the number of vultures in recent years.
🌻The drug is harmless to the cattle it is administered to, but is fatal for the vultures, who routinely feed on the carcass of dead cattle.
🌻Studies have shown that the drug causes kidney and liver failure in vultures.
🌻Earlier, in 2006, the Government of India had imposed a ban on the use of Diclofenac for treating cattle.
🌻Even after banning the use of Diclofenac for veterinary use, the multi-dose vials available in the market for human use were widely misused for veterinary purpose.
🌻 This, in turn, has a severe impact on the population of vultures.
🎯Project Vulture undertaken by the govt:
🌻The Union government has banned multi-dose vials of human diclofenac, which is expected to give a boost to vulture conservation at the same time prevent its misuse on cattle.
🌻The drug was banned by the Drug Controller General of India in 2006 for veterinary use. (However, surveys show that this drug is still being used).
🌻In response to the population crash, scientists from BNHS and RSPB, along with state forest department have been successfully running four vulture breeding centres in Haryana, West Bengal, Assam and Madhya Pradesh.
🌻Further, as part of advocacy efforts, proactive attempts are being made to keep at least 100 sq km area of natural habitats, called Vulture Safe Zones, across the subcontinent, free from diclofenac.

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